Kathleen is 2 years old. She very much wants to do things for herself-dressing herself, brushing her teeth, and so on-in the morning. Most of the time her mother will not let her do such things because she is so slow and clumsy. Today Mom tells Kathleen she can dress herself, but before long Mom is saying: “Kathleen, you’ve got your pants on backwards again! Can’t you ever put your clothes on right? Here, let me do it. You’re making me late for work.” If Kathleen hears this kind of talk very often, Erikson suggests that Kathleen might be at risk for developing a sense of:

shame and doubt (rather than autonomy)

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