Ms. Reed attended the zoning offices of the city. She explained to the chief zoning officer, Mr. Shore, that she was interested in a piece of property, but only if it were zoned “multiple family dwelling.” Mr. Shore checked the property himself and assured her it was zoned “multiple family dwelling,” but he had not checked the new regulations properly. Relying on his statement, Reed invested $300 000 in the purchase and the development of the property. When the apartment building was half finished, she was informed by the city that her building was unacceptable because the property was zoned “duplex.” Upon hearing this news, she rushed to the city zoning offices and approached Mr. Shore, started yelling, and threw her briefcase at him. He ducked; she missed. When she persisted in yelling, he threw some cold water in her face. On these facts, which of the following is true?